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Effective Countermeasures For PCB Process Film Deformation


Published by: KEYOU PCB January 22,2024

In the PCB copying process, the temperature and humidity control is out of order or the temperature of the exposure machine is too high, which sometimes causes the film to be deformed. If it is not improved, it will affect the quality and performance of the final PCB copy board, but direct disposal will result in cost loss. Then the correction process method for mastering the deformation of the film will make the work better. Baineng.com summarizes five simple and commonly used methods for everyone to pick up when needed. The following are for reference only. Subject to availability.

First, the hanging method

For the physical phenomenon that the film changes with the change of temperature and humidity of the environment, remove the film from the sealed bag before copying it, and then dry it for 4-8 hours under the working environment, so that the film is deformed before copying, then After copying, the chance of deformation is small. For the already deformed negative, other methods are needed. Because the film changes with the temperature and humidity of the environment, when drying the film, make sure that the air and the temperature of the work place are the same, and in a ventilated and dark environment, to avoid contamination of the film. This method is suitable for negative films that have not been deformed, and also prevents the negative film from being deformed after copying.

Second, PCB copy board change hole position method
In the case of mastering the operation technology of the digital programmer, first compare the negative film and the drill test plate, measure and record the length and width of the drill test plate, and then on the digital programmer, according to its length and width. The amount of deformation, adjust the hole position, and adjust the drilled test plate to meet the deformed film. The advantage of this method is that it eliminates the tedious work of splicing the negative film and ensures the integrity and accuracy of the graphic. The disadvantage is that the correction of the film which is very severe in local deformation and uneven deformation is not effective. To use this method, you must first master the operation of the digital programmer. After using the programmer to lengthen or shorten the hole position, you should reset the hole position to ensure accuracy. This method is suitable for corrections in which the lines are densely packed, or the deformation of the layers is uniform.


Third, the pad overlap method
The holes on the test board are enlarged into pads to overlap the deformed circuit pieces to ensure minimum loop width technical requirements. After overlapping copies, the pads are elliptical, and after overlapping copies, the lines and disc edges are hazy and deformed. If the user's appearance on the PCB is very strict, please use it with caution. This method is suitable for negative films with line widths and spacings greater than 0.30 mm and less dense graphics lines.

Fourth, photo method
Simply use a camera to zoom in or out on a deformed graphic. Generally, the loss of the film is large, and multiple debugging is required to obtain a satisfactory circuit pattern. Focus on the image to prevent it from being deformed. This method is only applicable to silver salt negatives. It can be used when it is inconvenient to re-drill the test plate and the deformation ratio of the film in the length and width directions is the same.

Five, the splicing method
For the pattern with simple line, wide line width and large spacing, and irregular deformation, the deformed part of the negative film is cut open, and the hole position of the drilling test board is re-spliced ​​and then copied, of course, this is for the deformed line. Simple, line width and large spacing, irregular deformation of the pattern; for the high density of the wire, line width and spacing less than 0.2mm negative film is not applicable. Care should be taken to minimize the damage to the wires during the splicing and not to damage the pads. Pay attention to the correctness of the connection relationship when splicing and copying. This method is suitable for the correction of the film which is not dense in the line and the deformation of the film of each layer is inconsistent, and the correction of the film of the solder mask and the power layer of the multilayer board is particularly effective.
Of course, all of the above are remedies after the deformation of the film. The engineer should still consciously prevent the deformation of the film. In the PCB copying process, the temperature is usually strictly controlled at 22±2°C and the humidity is 55%±5%RH. Use a cold light source or an aerator with a cooling device and
constantly replace the backup film.

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